Biology Outreach Program for primary school children

Biology Outreach Programme, or known as Biology Week 2017 was conducted on the last October 14, 2017, held in Sekolah Kebangsaan Pulai Perdana, Skudai, Johor. Our group was the first representative from Asia continent to receive the grant from Royal Society of Biology (RSB) led by Dr Norazimah Mohd Zin, and was the first outreach event in school done in Malaysia under RSB programme.

The aim of the program is to disseminate information of Biology to the primary school children, to get people aware of the subject and embrace their enthusiasm towards it. Among the activities, showcasing  biosciences materials is the most exciting part. They include the area of Microbiology, Nanoscience, Basic Fermentation, Basic Biochemistry and Introduction to Plant. In my group we showcase the nanoscience modules to provide understanding and concept of nano through easy experimentation, compatible to the student’s level. The topics include:

  1. “Explore the sizes: Smelly ballons”,
    • Exploring how to detect things that too small to see
  2. “Explore the tools- Mystery of the form”
    • Learning how researcher use special tools to detect and make image with nanoscale objects
  3. “Draw a circuit”
    • Exploring: Can a pencil conduct electricity?
  4. “Exploring Size- Powers of the games”
    • Learning that things in the universe come in different sizes.  The objects on the cards are organized according to powers of ten.
  5. Ballon nanotubes- Giant hanging model.
    • Learning on carbon nanotubes, CNT (materials that I am working on now) is another nano-related material, and how you can visualize the tiny shape of CNT in a bigger model using balloon


The pictures of the whole activities can be seen below..

During the ceremony officiated by Prof. Mohd Rafiq, Dean of FBME UTM and Puan Siti Haidah the school principal of Sekolah Kebangsaan Sri Pulai Perdana, Skudai, Johor

Showcasing booth in class rooms

Showcasing of Nanoscience booth– my booth, conducted by my students Farah, Ain, Nisa, Fatin and Aqidah..

1.The Smelly Ballon Booth

2.Mystery Tools

3.Draw a circuit

4.Power of Ten Games

5.Giant Nanoballoon

The end..and thanks for dropping by my page! =))


Last meetup with my first batch mentees

They were in the last semester upon finishing their BSc. In the pictures it was 26 of them (several of them could not attend) at KFC Aeon Taman Universiti during iftar Ramadan 2017.

Thanks for the wonderful experience..I wish you have a joyful life and bright future wherever it takes you..


Bengkel “Transdermal Drug Delivery Study using Franz Diffusion Cell”

Bengkel “Transdermal Drug Delivery Study Using Franz Diffusion Cell” telah dijalankan pada 21 Mei 2017 lalu di Bilik Seminar Ibn Nafis, Tingkat 4, Bangunan V01, Fakulti Biosains dan Kejuruteraan Perubatan (FBME), UTM. Objektif bengkel tersebut adalah untuk memberi pendedahan dan pengetahuan kepada pelajar penggunaan kaedah Franz Diffusion Cell (FDC) untuk kajian penyebaran (diffusion) dan penyampaian ubat, serta membincangkan cabaran dan isu yang berkaitan Franz Diffusion Cell di kalangan penyelidik universiti dan industri.

Selaku pengarah bengkel ini yang dibantu oleh Dr. Saiful Izwan dari FBME, serta beberapa staf dan pelajar, pelaksanaannya telah berjaya memberi input baru di UTM tentang teknik penyampaian ubat melalui kaedah transdermal. Penceramah jemputan Prof. Madya Dr. Ng Shiow Fern dari Fakulti Farmasi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia sangat membantu dari segi teori dan analisis yang melibatkan penggunaan alat Franz diffusion cell (FDC). Kebanyakan pelajar yang hadir adalah pelajar UTM sendiri yang  terdiri daripada pelbagai bidang dari Institut Bioproduk (IBD), Fakulti Sains dan MJIIT yang rata-ratanya merupakan pengalaman pertama mereka didedahkan kepada alatan ini. Begitu juga dengan penyampaian teori oleh Dr. Saiful Izwan tentang electrospinning, antara kaedahyang terbaru dalam penghasilan pembawa ubat (drug carrier) di masa kini.

Peserta juga menunjukkan minat yang tinggi dalam sesi praktikal yang berlangsung selama sejam. Sesi praktikal menggunakan alat FDC dikendalikan oleh Encik Jonaidee dari Syarikat DG Global. Alat tersebut dipinjamkan oleh Encik Jonaidee sendiri selama 2 tahun di UTM bermula 2017. Sekiranya anda berminat untuk menggunakan alatan ini di FBME, anda boleh menghubungi saya untuk mendapat maklumat lanjut.

Gambar sekitar perlaksanaan bengkel adalah seperti yang dibawah.


New year resolution

Losing weight, self improvement and having quality time with family and friends has always become the top resolution for most people when  new year is around the corner. But do you know how many people achieved this? According to one study from University of Scranton, a private uni in Pennsylvania, only 8% achieved their resolution.

Why do you think that so many people failed? What is the the secret of those who are succeed?

That is because we probably not good at goal setting. The key is to keep the list simple,short and more relevant, and of course write it down more specifically!


If you want 2017 to be your year….

  •  Don’t just sit on the couch and wait for it-
  • GO OUT- Make a change-
  • Smile more
  • Be excited
  • Throw away what you have been cluttering
  • UNFOLLOW NEGATIVE PEOPLE on social media and live a life!
  • Go to BED EARLY WAKE UP early
  • Don’t gossip
  • Show more gratitude
  • Do things that challenge you
  • …..and Be BRAVE!

A reminder for me too..=) Have a great day ahead!


The beauty of carbon

Hello everyone. I found this beautiful short story from my random search on carbon..


The sheikh asked me “What is the cheapest rock on this planet?”; I replied “Coal”

“And what is the most expensive?” I replied Diamonds.

The sheikh answered “And what are both made of?” I answered “Carbon.”

He continued, “That’s right and do you know what the only difference between those two? Pressure.

Pressure created beautiful things and when Allah swt tests you with difficult situations it is because he wants to shape you into the most beautiful things possible.


May you have great days ahead and Happy new year!



Trip to Tissue Culture Lab, IoS, Uitm Shah Alam (Part 1)

In the last October 2014, I made a short visit to Tissue Culture Lab in Institute of Science, Uitm Shah Alam. The purpose of the visit is to get myself introduced with the lab facilities before started my PhD-related work there. I also got to meet  the person that I am collaborating with,  Puan Mazatulikhma Mat Zain. She is the scientist that helped me with the project where they practically use neuroblastoma cell lines. Puan Mai is a very humble, nice and helpful person and very easy to work with.

Unfortunately, I cannot share my touring pictures with you because they were all crashed, I will post it later in my next entry in Part 2 ;). So below I will explain more about the cells that I am working with, which is neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell lines. According to literature, the cells were derived from embryonic central nervous system (CNS) tissue. When culturing the cells, they can be both adhering and floating cells, but mostly in studies  the adherent cells are utilised while the floating ones were discarded. The use of cells was quite limited because once the cells reached its maturity, they can no longer be propogated. The uniqueness about this cell is that it can be transformed into neuronal-like lines when induced with retinoic acid (RA) or Vitamin A derivative. Having these two different cell phenotypes will help us broaden our research whereby comparison of these cells can be made.


Picture 1

The picture above showed the undifferentiated version of SH-SY5Y cell, where the phenotype corresponds as the “N” type (neuroblast-like cells). The cells have tendency to grow in clusters and may form rounded cells on to of another (showed with arrow).


Picture 2

Upon addition of RA, the cells begin to show “S” type shape (epithelial-like cells), and they do not form cluster as the undifferentiated version. The shape is more pyramidal and neurites begin to extend. Retinoic acid is known to possess the most powerful cellular differentiation-promoting properties.

More explanation will be included later on how we can utilized these cells of cancer research activities.



J. Kovalevich and D. Langford. 2013. Consideration for the use of SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells in neurobiology. Neuronal Cell Culture. Methods in Molecular Biology Volume 1078, 2013, pp 9-211078:9-21. 


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